Purpose and Aims

This Safeguarding policy applies to all staff, including paid staff, volunteers, sessional workers, agency staff, one-off visitors, students or anyone working on behalf of Chingford House School. The aim of our safeguarding and child protection policy at Chingford House School is to provide all staff, visitors and volunteers with a framework which will enable them to holistically safeguard and promote the welfare of all children in our nursery. The safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined for the purposes of this policy as:
• Protecting children from maltreatment;
• Preventing impairment of children’s health or development;
• Ensuring that children grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care;
• Taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes.(Working Together to Safeguard Children (2018)
We acknowledge that we are in a unique position to observe any changes in a child's behaviour or appearance which could alert us to safeguarding concerns about their well-being. This is especially important in children who are unable to communicate through spoken language e.g. babies, very young children and children with SEND.
We are therefore guided by the following key principles;
• All children have the right to be safe and should be protected from all forms of abuse and neglect
• Safeguarding children is everyone's responsibility
• It is better to help children as early as possible before issues escalate and become more damaging
• Children and families are best supported and protected when there is a coordinated response from all agencies.

Our commitment to children

As part of our ongoing commitment to safeguarding children in our care we will ensure that this policy is readily available for professionals, parents and partners, to access via our website and also to read in our Parents/Carers folder which is located on our Reception desk. We will ensure that parents are also given access to the policy prior to children starting with us, and following each update. Where English is not the parents’ first language, support and consideration will be given to access the information.
We will ensure all staff are supported to read, understand and put the policy into practice. This we will do through the process of training, support and supervision.
In addition to this Safeguarding policy we also have other supporting policies and procedures in place to enable us to ensure that all children in our care are supported and feel safe.

Obligatory practice for ALL staff

At Chingford House School we recognise that we as individuals
• Are responsible for safeguarding
• Must be able to identify the signs and symptoms of abuse
• Must be able to identify concerns (Early Help / Child Protection / Allegations)
• Must be familiar with internal reporting procedures and processes (reporting safeguarding concerns to DSLs, and allegations only to Ms Akhtar)
• Must refer concerns to children’s social care in the absence of Designated Safeguarding Leads (DSLs)
• Must ensure that all safeguarding concerns are shared promptly with DSLs
• Must be able to challenge professional safeguarding decisions internally/ externally with other agencies
• Must refer/escalate a case if they disagree with the DSL not to refer, with respect and transparency
• Must be able to whistleblow when required
• In addition, we are also aware as individuals regardless of where we work in our nursery that we are responsible for reading and reviewing the safeguarding policies of Chingford House School.

Working in partnership

We will work in partnership with all agencies i.e. LBWF Safeguarding in Education & Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) service, Early Help, Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH), Social Care, Health and the Police to ensure the children’s safety and welfare is always paramount. We will also seek to establish effective working relationships with both parents, carers and other colleagues so that we can develop and provide activities and opportunities that will enable and equip the children in our care with the necessary skills that they will need to develop protective behaviours and life skills to keep themselves safe from harm.

Designated Safeguarding Lead

Overall responsibility for compliance with statutory safeguarding requirements lies with Ms Zarkar Akhtar.

At Chingford House School we have a Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) Yolande Farrell who has a specific operational responsibility for implementing our safeguarding and child protection policies and procedures. In the event that Yolande Farrell is unavailable, to ensure safeguarding matters are dealt with promptly, Zarkar Akhtar, our Deputy DSL, will be available to cover the DSL duties.

To safeguard children, our Designated Safeguarding Lead Yolande Farrell will undertake formal DSL training at a minimum every two years. This will be to equip and provide her with the knowledge and skills required to carry out the role of the DSL and support staff. In addition, the DSL will attend regular DSL forums at a minimum four times a year and will access safeguarding updates into developments and training relevant to the role of the DSL including managing allegations and managing thresholds.
This responsibility of the DSL includes
• Being the operational person with delegated lead responsibility for safeguarding;
• Inducting staff about emergency procedures, safeguarding, child protection and health and safety arrangements;
• Liaison with local Statutory children's service agencies, Waltham Forest Safeguarding Children's Board (WSCB) and all other agencies concerned with the protection of children, including social services, police and health colleagues.
• Providing support advice, training to both staff, students, volunteers and guidance to all on an ongoing basis with regards to specific safeguarding issues
• The transfer of child protection files where a child leaves our nursery
• Representing us at inter-agency meetings strategy discussions, child protection conferences and core groups;
• Managing and monitoring our role in early help, child in need and child protection plans.

Safeguarding & the Welfare Requirements of the EYFS 2017

The Early Years Foundation Stage 2017 (EYFS) Statutory Framework sets out the standards for learning development, assessment and the safeguarding and welfare requirements which all Early Years providers must meet in order to ensure the children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe.
To meet this requirement, we will ensure that all our staff are trained to understand our safeguarding policy and procedures and that they have up to date knowledge of safeguarding issues which will enable them to identify the signs and symptoms of possible abuse.


To ensure the safety of the children in our nursery Chingford House School has procedures in place for recording the details of visitors and the purpose of their visit to our setting. Our security procedures ensure that the possibility of unauthorised persons having access to the children is minimised. Under no circumstances will visitors/contractors be allowed unsupervised access to the children. Visitors/ contractors will always be supervised whilst on the nursery premises, especially when in the areas that the children use. In addition to these arrangements we ask that parents do not open or hold the door for other persons to gain access to the building without being vetted by staff.

Mobile phones, Smart watches, Photography and technology in the nursery

To ensure the safety of the children, we operate a no mobile phone usage in the nursery for both parents, visitors and staff. To enforce this policy staff phones are kept in the office. In terms of visitors to the setting they are asked not to use their mobile phone whilst in our nursery. Should they need to make a call this they can do either in the Nursery Office or another area where there are no children as directed by the manager or DSL.
At Chingford House School, we recognise information technology provides endless learning opportunities for children. We also acknowledge that not all encounters with information technology are positive and as such can be harmful to the safety and the wellbeing of the children. For this reason, when using information technology programmes and equipment we will:
• Check all apps, websites and search results before using them with children.
• Always ensure children are supervised when accessing the internet.
• Ensure safety modes and filters are applied to computers / tablets.
• Role model safe behaviour and privacy awareness.
• Talk to children about safe use
• Ask permission before taking a child’s picture even if parental consent has been given.
• Check privacy settings to make sure personal data is not being shared inadvertently or inappropriately


To ensure the safety and the wellbeing of the children, we will ensure that we follow the current recommended ratios and qualifications for the safe care of children as set out in the statutory framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage in the setting. As at April 2017 these were as follows:
• For children under two: one member of staff to every three children
At least one member of staff within the group will hold a full and relevant level 3 qualification and will have suitable experience of working with children under two
• For children aged two: one member of staff for every four children.
At least one member of staff will hold a relevant level 3 qualification. At least half of all other staff in the group will hold a relevant level 2 qualification
• For children aged three: there will be one member of staff for every eight children. At least one member of staff will hold a full and relevant level 3 qualification and at least half will hold a relevant level 2 qualification
• Only those aged 17 or over will be included in the child/staff ratios. Where there are staff under 17 years of age, they will always be supervised by a level 3 qualified member of staff
• Students and volunteers on long-term placement aged 17 years or over and staff working as apprentices in early education aged 16 or over will only be included in the ratios if the manager is satisfied that they are competent and responsible
• At least one person who has a current Paediatric First Aid (PFA) is always on the premises and available when children are present, and accompanies children when they go on outings.

Staffing Policy (includes Key Person)

At Chingford House School we acknowledge the contribution to safeguarding that the Key Person role can make in ensuring that all children in our nursery feel safe, secure and assured that they will be listened to and appropriate action taken should they feel or become unsafe. To ensure this, every child is allocated a key person on joining.
We make every attempt to deploy the Key Persons so that they are with their Key children as much as possible.
We ensure that all staff are effectively deployed throughout the day to meet the statutory requirements of the Statutory Framework for the Early Year’s Foundation Stage. We endeavour to provide additional staffing to ensure that at key times during the day e.g. arrivals and settling in children are covered effectively to meet the needs of the children. We also ensure that there is always one member of staff in the group who possess a full and relevant level 3 qualification and has suitable under twos experience.
Should there be times that we become short of staff, first we will rearrange the grouping of the children with a view to seeing if we can still safely meet the children’s needs and the minimum ratios. Where this is not possible, we will enlist the services of vetted childcare agency staff. On doing so we ensure that all agency staff prior to working with the children are inducted into our policies and procedures and that they work closely with another senior member of staff to provide consistent care for the children.

Supervision of staff

To ensure staff are supported and developed to effectively carry out their role in protecting and safeguarding children in their care Chingford House School is led by the nursery manager, Yolande Farrell, who is a qualified level 6 practitioner (NNEB, BA Hons. Early Childhood studies, Early Years Professional Status). This practitioner has the responsibility for ensuring that procedures are in place for all staff to receive regular formal supervision every term that provides staff with an opportunity to review their performance, practice and development in working with the children and their families. The supervision staff access will provide opportunities to:
• discuss any issues – particularly concerning children’s development or wellbeing, including child protection concerns
• identify solutions to address issues as they arise
• receive coaching to improve their personal effectiveness

Legislative & Guidance Framework

Our Safeguarding policy has been developed in accordance with the principles established by the Children Act 1989; and is in line with the following statutory and departmental guidance:
• Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (Safeguarding and Welfare requirements)
• Keeping Children Safe in Education 2019
• Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018
• What to do if you are worried a child is being abused 2015
• “The Prevent Duty Guidance for England & Wales’ 2015
• “Information Sharing; Advice for practitioners providing safeguarding services to children, young people, parents and carers” 2018
• Safeguarding children and protecting professionals in early years settings: Online safety guidance for practitioners 2019
• Information sharing Advice for practitioners providing safeguarding services to children, young people, parents and carers
• Statutory guidance SEND code of practice: 0 to 25 years

Defining Abuse - Signs and Symptoms

All staff are aware of the signs and symptoms of abuse. As Early Years practitioners we recognise the additional barriers that exist when recognising the signs of abuse and neglect in children who have special educational needs and/or disabilities.

There are four main categories of abuse and neglect:
• physical abuse
• emotional abuse
• sexual abuse
• neglect.
These four categories of abuse and the possible indicators are detailed in the Department of Health ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children’ document 2018. It should be noted that those listed are not a definitive list, though children’s poor behaviour may be a sign that they are suffering harm or that they have been traumatised by abuse, some children may present these behaviours for reasons other than abuse.
It is important that all staff working at Chingford House School are aware of the indicators of abuse and that they should always consult when concerned.

Physical Abuse:
Physical abuse is deliberately physically hurting a child. It might take a variety of different forms, including hitting, pinching, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning or suffocating a child.
Physical abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child, e.g. FGM, breast ironing. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces illness in a chlid.
Possible Indicators may include:
• Physical; signs that do not tally with the given account of occurrence
• conflicting or unrealistic explanations of cause
• repeated injuries
• delay in reporting or seeking medical advice
Emotional Abuse:
Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and persistent adverse effects on the child's emotional development. It may involve conveying to children that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate or valued insofar as they meet the needs of another person.
Possible Indicators may include:
• Rejection
• Isolation
• child being blamed for actions of adults
• child being used as carer for younger siblings
• affection and basic emotional care giving/warmth persistently absent or withheld.
Sexual Abuse & Exploitation:
Sexual abuse is forcing or enticing a child to take part in sexual activities, not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, penetrative or non-penetrative acts and also includes involving children in watching pornographic material or watching sexual acts.
Possible indicators may include:
• tendency to cling or need constant reassurance
• tendency to cry easily
• regression to younger behaviour - e.g. thumb-sucking, acting like a baby
• unexplained gifts of money
• depression and withdrawal
• wetting/soiling day or night
• fear of undressing for PE
Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child's basic physical and psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairments of the child's health or development. Neglect may occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse. Once a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to provide food, clothing and shelter; protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger; ensure adequate supervision; ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment.
Possible Indicators may include:
• problems with hygiene
• constant hunger
• inadequate clothing
• emaciation
• lateness or non-attendance at the setting
• poor relationships with peers
• untreated medical problems
• compulsive stealing and scavenging
• rocking, hair twisting, thumb sucking
• running away
• low self-esteem

Specific Safeguarding

Private Fostering
A private fostering arrangement is one that is made privately (without any involvement of a Local Authority) for the care of a child under the age of 16 years (under 18, if disabled) by someone other than a parent or close relative, in their own home, with the intention that it should last for 28 days or more. Both birth parents, private foster carers and persons who are seeking to arrange for a child to be privately fostered are required by law to notify the Waltham Forest Council's Children's Services department of the arrangement.
Should we become aware that a child is being privately fostered we will notify the MASH team.

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
Chingford House School has a legal duty to protect all children in our care under the Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 agenda. This duty extends to protecting young girls and women from FGM, an illegal and extremely harmful practice and a form of abuse. All staff have received training to increase their awareness of the practice and harm of FGM causes.
We recognise that children are at higher risk of FGM if this has already been carried out on their mother, sister or a member of their extended family (HM Government, 2016). In consideration of this we will always maintain a culture of vigilance.
Should a child in our care show any signs and symptoms of FGM or we have good reason to believe that the child is at risk of FGM, we will refer the child to Waltham Forest MASH team using our existing standard safeguarding procedures as it is a form of child abuse. However, should we think a child is in immediate danger, we will contact the police on 999
The safeguarding and welfare requirements, Child Protection (EYFS 2017, 3.4) states ‘Providers must be alert to any issues for concern in a child’s life at home or elsewhere. Providers must have and implement a policy, and procedures, to safeguard children’. As part of the arrangements to safeguard the children we are committed to the Prevent Duty to help protect children from radicalisation and extremism under section 26 of the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015. We will do this by:
• Understanding our own role and responsibilities on how to protect children from extremism
• Promoting and embedding fundamental British Values through our activities and policies
• Ensuring that staff have up to date training that provides them with the knowledge on how to identify children at risk.
• Monitoring children’s attendance and following up absences
Local Authority contact email or phone the Senior Programme Manager (Prevent Education) Amy Strode.
Telephone: 07816 150037.

Specific Safeguarding-related policies

Chingford House School recognises that safeguarding children is not just about protecting children from deliberate harm, but also includes things such as child safety, anti bullying, racial abuse, health and safety, use of mobile phones, risk assessment. In consideration of this, the safeguarding policy should be read in conjunction with our specific policies and procedures:
• Behaviour Management
• Anti-bullying
• Confidentiality
• Camera, smart phone/ watch & e-safety :
• Health and Safety
• Risk assessments
• Equality and Diversity
• Lost child
• Non collection of children
• Complaints
• Medicines / sickness/ medications
• Staffing policy :
• Whistle Blowing
• Safer Recruitment :
• Complaints policy

The voice of the child

At Chingford House School we will ensure that our approach to safeguarding children in our care is always child centred. This means we will always consider, what is in the best interests of the child. Along with this we will try to understand the lived experience of the child in each family, setting or neighbourhood, so that we can give the child a voice in their own safeguarding to ensure that their voice is understood and incorporated into all plans to support and protect them.

Dealing with disclosures made by children

Should a child make a disclosure of abuse as with all Child Protection concerns, we will act on the information immediately. If staff are concerned that a child may be at risk or is suffering abuse, they must report the concern to the DSL Yolande Farrell or in their absence to the deputy DSL Zarkar Akhtar
If a child makes a disclosure or an allegation of abuse against an adult or another child, it is important that the member of staff:
• Stays calm and listens carefully to the child.
• Reassures the child that they have done the right thing in telling you.
• Does not investigate or asks leading questions.
• Lets the child know that you will need to tell someone else.
• Does not promise to keep what they have told you a secret.
• Informs Yolande Farrell or Zarkar Akhtar as soon as possible.
• Makes a written record of the allegation, disclosure or incident which must be signed, dated and records the position using the setting concern about a child s welfare & safety form (See Appendix 8).

We are aware that parents are normally the first point of contact should a concern arise regarding their child. If a suspicion of abuse is recorded, we will inform parents at the same time the report is made. The only exception to this taking place is where informing the parents will place the child at further risk. This will usually be the case where the parent or family member is the likely abuser or where a child may be endangered by this disclosure. In these cases, the investigating officers will inform parents.
In any event the nursery will continue to welcome the child and the family whilst enquiries are being made in relation to abuse in the home situation. Parents and families will be treated with respect in a non-judgmental manner whilst any external investigations are carried out in the best interest of the child.

Information Sharing

Chingford House School views information sharing as an essential part of our arrangements to safeguard the children in our care. Any information shared will be done on a need-to-know basis to aid the effective assessment and identifying of children at risk. As practitioners we are clear about when we should share information and be alert to the signs and triggers of child abuse. Should there be a suspicion, enquiries and external investigations are kept confidential and shared only with those who need to know. Any information shared will be with guidance from the local authority and police


MASH is Waltham Forest’s single point of referral to social care for concerns regarding children, young people and vulnerable adults:
• Early Help (parental consent needed)
• Child in Need
• Child Protection
• Adult Safeguarding
Referrals to the MASH will be made immediately when there is a concern that the child is suffering significant harm or is likely to do so.
MASH will be notified by phone and/or email to discuss the case prior to sending a written referral. This will help determine the level of intervention and will also give children’s social care and the police time to make arrangements to come and see the child that same day in the nursery if deemed necessary.
In our setting the DSL ordinarily takes responsibility for the referral process, in consultation with staff who know the child. Still, there are circumstances where another member of staff must refer without delay:
• If for some reason, the DSL is not available, the referral should be made without delay by the deputy DSL or another member of staff
• If a staff member disagrees with your DSL’s decision not to refer a case to MASH, then it is their responsibility to refer the case, and to respectfully inform the DSL that they are doing so.
• Should another member of staff refer instead, the DSL must be consulted and updated as soon as possible.
It is noted that all adults in our setting, including the DSL, have a duty to refer all known or suspected cases of abuse to the relevant agency including MASH, LADO, or the Police. Where a disclosure is made to a visiting staff member from a different agency, e.g. Early Years Consultants, Health Visitors, it is the responsibility of that agency staff to formally report the referral to the Setting’s DSL in the first instance and to follow their organisations procedures. Any records made should be kept securely on the Child’s Protection file

Early Help: Identifying children and families who would benefit from early intervention

In line with our responsibilities under Working Together to Safeguard Children (2018) we are committed to identifying those children who would benefit from Early Help support.


Whistleblowing is when someone raises a concern about a dangerous or illegal activity or any wrongdoing within their organisation.
Raising a concern is known as "blowing the whistle" and is a vital process for identifying risks to people's safety.
Sharing information or talking through a concern can be the first step to helping an organisation identify problems and improve their practices.
The wrongdoing disclosed must be in the public interest. This means it must affect others, for example the general public.
As a whistle blower staff are protected by law and should not be treated unfairly or lose their job because they have ‘blown the whistle’.
Adapted from the NSPCC:
A staff member can raise their concern at any time about a current incident or in relation to something that happened in the past or that they believe will happen in the near future. We recognise that children cannot be expected to raise concerns in an environment where staff fail to do so. For this reason, all staff are aware that they have a duty to raise concerns about the attitude or actions of colleagues via our Whistleblowing and Complaints policies and that they have a right to seek appropriate advice from the following:
• LADO & safeguarding team telephone number: 020 8496 3646 (9-5pm Monday to Friday) email
• Ofsted whistleblowing hotline: 0300 1233155 (8am to 6pm, Monday to Friday)
email or
write to: WBHL, Ofsted, Piccadilly Gate, Store Street, Manchester, M1 2WD
• NSPCC Whistleblowing hotline number: 0800 028 0285

Staffing and Safer Recruitment

We are an equal opportunity employer and are committed to using non-discriminatory procedures in our recruitment process, to ensure all candidates who apply for employment at Chingford House School are treated fairly and that we recruit people who are suitable to fulfil the requirement of their role.
To recruit we pay regards to
• the Keeping Children Safe in Education 2019 and
• the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) 2017 3.9, 3.10, 3.12 and
• Criminal record checks for childminders and childcare workers and
• the London Child Protection 5th edition .

In doing so we will ensure:
• At least one member of the Interview panel will be trained in Safer Recruitment.
• For every job role within the nursery there will be a job description detailing the job role which will also include the responsibility of the member of staff to safeguard and promote the welfare of children
• All candidates will be subjected to qualification and identity checks
• An enhanced DBS certificate check which includes barred list information check will be undertaken for all candidates
• All records will be kept which relate to the employment of staff and volunteers, thus demonstrating that checks have been undertaken, including the date and number of the enhanced child barring DBS and CRB check.
• We will obtain a minimum of two references for all potential new staff
• All new staff are required to produce documentation that confirms they have the right to work in the UK.
• All permanent appointments at Chingford House School will be subject to a probationary period of one to three months depending on their skills and experience level.
• All staff will be fully inducted into our nursery with regards to understanding the safeguarding policy and procedures of the setting and will be trained to identify signs and symptoms of possible abuse
(EYFS 2017, 3.16)

All Staff are expected to disclose any convictions, cautions, court orders, reprimands and
warnings which may affect their suitability to work with children, whether received before or at the point of recruitment.

Allegations against staff and volunteers

Should an allegation be made against an adult in a position of trust within our nursery, this should be brought to the immediate attention of the DSL who will advise the owner, Zarkar Akhtar. In the case of the allegation being made against the DSL this will be brought to the immediate attention of the owner, Zarkar Akhtar,who will discuss with the Designated Officer for the Local Authority (LADO) the nature of the allegations made against the DSL with a view to the LADO’s evaluation and guidance. This may result in a strategy discussion depending on the nature of the allegation being made.
In all cases the allegation will be referred to the LADO immediately and followed up in writing within 48 hours. As part of the allegation management process the DSL will consider the safeguarding arrangements of the child to ensure they are away from the alleged abuser. Yolande Farrell will
• Contact the parents or carers of the child if advised to do so by the LADO.
• Consider the rights of the staff member for a fair and equal process of investigation.
• Advise Ofsted of the allegation within 14 days of the allegation
• Ensure that the appropriate disciplinary procedures are followed including whether suspending a member of staff from work until the outcome of any investigation if this is deemed necessary.
• Ensure any decision made in any strategy meeting is acted on.
DBS Referrals
• We as an employer of practitioners in regulated activity will make a referral to the DBS when the conditions for doing so have been met.
• We have a legal duty to refer any person engaged to work in regulated activity at Chingford House School where an allegation has been substantiated, or where a harm test has been met, irrespective of whether another body has made a referral to the DBS in relation to the same person; failure to do so is an offence.

• A DBS referral will take place at any time during the Allegations / Disciplinary process and will take place at the earliest stage possible. There could be a time when we consider that we should make a referral in the interests of safeguarding children even if we have not removed the person from working in regulated activity; this could include acting on the advice of the police or a safeguarding professional, or in situations where we don’t have enough evidence to dismiss or remove a person from working with vulnerable groups. Making DBS referrals where the referral conditions are not met will be done in consideration of relevant employment and data protection laws.

• When employing agency staff, both Chingford House School and the agency have a responsibility to refer as above. If an allegation is made against the DSL of our setting, the matter should be brought to the attention of the Deputy DSL/owner.

The full procedures for dealing with allegations against staff can be found in Keeping Children Safe in Education 2019.

Further information and guidance on making DBS referrals can be found on the link below

Approved: Zarkar Akhtar, Owner
Adopted on March 1st 2020
Review Date: February each year
The above list is not exhaustive and, as new policy guidance and legislation develops within the remit of Safeguarding, we will review and update our policies and procedures as appropriate and update the policy accordingly.